CURVE connects data points with lines or plots them with symbols.

The call is: | CALL CURVE (XRAY, YRAY, N) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void curve (const float *xray, const float *yray, int n); |

XRAY, YRAY | are arrays that contain X- and Y-coordinates. For a polar scaling, XRAY must hold the radial values and YRAY the angular values expressed in radians. |

N | is the number of data points. |

Additional notes:

- CURVE must be called after GRAF from level 2 or 3.
- By default, data points that lie outside of an axis system are listed on the screen. The listing can be suppressed with the routine NOCHEK.
- For a logarithmic scaling of an axis, CURVE suppresses the plotting of curves and prints a warning if some corresponding data coordinates have non positive values. After the statement CALL NEGLOG (EPS), where EPS is a small positive floating point number, CURVE will use the value EPS for non positive values.
- CURVE suppresses lines outside the borders of an axis system. Suppressing can be disabled with NOCLIP or the margins of suppression can be changed with GRACE.
- INCMRK determines if CURVE plots lines or symbols.
- When plotting several curves, attributes such as colour and line style can be changed automatically by DISLIN or directly by the user. The routine CHNCRV defines which attributes are changed automatically. The routines COLOR or SETCLR are used to define colours, SOLID, DOT, DASH, CHNDOT, CHNDSH, DOTL, DASHM and DASHL to define line styles and MARKER to define symbols plotted with the routine CURVE.
- Different data interpolation methods can be chosen with POLCRV.

Legends are created with the following steps:

- define a character variable used to store the lines of text in the legend
- initialize the legend
- define the lines of text
- plot the legend.

LEGINI initializes a legend.

The call is: | CALL LEGINI (CBUF, NLIN, NMAXLN) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void legini (char *cbuf, int nlin, int nmaxln); |

CBUF | is a character variable used to store the lines of text in the legend. The variable must be defined by the user to have at least NLIN * NMAXLN characters. |

NLIN | is the number of text lines in the legend (≤ 80) . |

NMAXLN | is the number of characters in the longest line of text (≤ 132). |

LEGLIN stores lines of text for the legend.

The call is: | CALL LEGLIN (CBUF, CSTR, ILIN) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void leglin (char *cbuf, char *cstr, int ilin); |

CBUF | see LEGINI. |

CSTR | is a character string that contains a line of text for the legend. |

ILIN | is the number of the legend line between 1 and NLIN. |

LEGEND plots legends.

The call is: | CALL LEGEND (CBUF, NCOR) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void legend (const char *cbuf, int ncor); |

CBUF | see LEGINI. |

NCOR | indicates the position of the legend: |

= 1 | is the lower left corner of the page. |

= 2 | is the lower right corner of the page. |

= 3 | is the upper right corner of the page. |

= 4 | is the upper left corner of the page. |

= 5 | is the lower left corner of the axis system. |

= 6 | is the lower right corner of the axis system. |

= 7 | is the upper right corner of the axis system. |

= 8 | is the upper left corner of the axis system. |

= 9 | means the left side centered at the middle of the page. |

= 10 | means the right side centered at the middle of the page. |

The following routines change the position and appearance of a legend. They must be called after LEGINI except for the routines FRAME and LINESP.

- LEGTIT (CTIT) sets the title of the legend. Default: CTIT = 'Legende'.
- LEGPOS (NX, NY) defines a global position for the legend where NX and NY are the plot coordinates of the upper left corner. After a call to LEGPOS, the second parameter in LEGEND will be ignored.
- NLX = NXLEGN (CBUF) and NYL = NYLEGN (CBUF) return the length and the height of a legend in plot coordinates.
- FRAME (NFRA) defines the thickness of a frame plotted around a legend.
- LINESP (XF) changes the spacing of lines in a legend.
- LEGCLR retains the same colour for curves and lines of text in the legend.
- The statement CALL MIXLEG enables multiple text lines in legends. By default, the character '/' is used as a newline character but can be changed with the routine SETMIX.
- LEGBGD (NCLR) sets the background colour of legends. The default value -1 means that no background is plotted.

The routine LEGPAT stores curve attributes plotted in legends. Normally, this is done automatically by routines such as CURVE and BARS.

The call is: | CALL LEGPAT (ITYP, ITHK, ISYM, ICLR, IPAT, ILIN) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void legpat (int ityp, int ithk, int isym, int iclr, long ipat, int ilin); |

ITYP | is the line style between -1 and 7 (see LINTYP). IF ITYP = -1, no line will be plotted in the legend line. |

ITHK | defines the thickness of lines (> 0). |

ISYM | is the symbol number between -1 and 21. If ISYM = -1, no symbol will be plotted in the legend line. |

ICLR | is the colour value. If ICLR = -1, the current colour will be used. |

PAT | is the shading pattern (see SHDPAT). If IPAT = -1, no pattern will be plotted in the legend line. |

ILIN | is the legend line between 1 and NLIN. |

Additional notes:

- The routine LEGPAT is useful to create legends without calls to CURVE.
- LEGPAT must be called after LEGINI.
- The additional constants SYMBOL_EMPTY, LINE_NONE and SHADING_NONE can be used instead of the value -1 in C and Fortran 90/95 programs for symbols, line styles and shading patterns.

Legend entries can be plotted in vertical or horizontal direction or in table form depending on the option in LEGTYP. The routine must be called before LEGINI.

The call is: | CALL LEGTYP (COPT) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void legtyp (const char *copt); |

COPT | is a character string that can have the values 'VERT', 'HORI' and
'TABLE'. Default: COPT = 'VERT'. |

This routine defines the number of columns in table legends and the direction in which the legend entries are plotted.

The call is: | CALL LEGTBL (N, COPT) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void legtbl (int n, const char *copt); |

N | is the number of columns. |

COPT | is a character string that can have the values 'VERT' and 'HORI'. Default: (3, 'VERT'). |

The routine LEGOPT modifies the appearance of legends.

The call is: | CALL LEGOPT (XF1, XF2, XF3) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void legopt (float xf1, float xf2, float xf3); |

XF1 | is a multiplier for the length of the pattern field. The length is XF1 * NH, where NH is the current character height. If XF1 = 0., the pattern field will be suppressed. |

XF2 | is a multiplier for the distance between legend frames and text. The distance is XF2 * NH * XSPC, where XSPC is the spacing between legend lines (see LINESP). |

XF3 | is a multiplier for the spacing between multiple text
lines. The space is XF3 * NH * XLINSP. Default: (4.0, 0.5, 1.0). |

The routine LEGVAL modifies the appearance of legends.

The call is: | CALL LEGVAL (X, COPT) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void legval (float x, const char *copt); |

COPT | is a character string that can have the values: |

= 'PATTERN' | sets the length of the pattern field to X * NH, where NH is the current charater size. |

= 'MARGIN' | sets the margin between legend frame and text to X * NH * XLINSP, where XLINSP is the current line space. |

= 'LINE' | sets the spacing between multiple text lines to X * NH * XLINSP. |

= 'SYMBOL' | defines the size of symbols with X * NH. |

= 'HSPACE' | sets the space between legend columns to X * NH. |

= 'DISTANCE' | sets the horizontal space between the pattern and the text fields
to X * NH. Defaults: (4.0, 'PATTERN'), (0.5, 'MARGIN'), (1.0, LINE'), (0.8, 'SYMBOL'), (2.0, 'HSPACE'), (1.0, 'DISTANCE'). |

Additional notes:

- If X has a negative value, it's positive value is interpreted as plot units and not as a multiplier.
- LEGVAL should be called after LEGINI.

The routine LEGSEL selects legend lines that are plotted by LEGEND.

The call is: | CALL LEGSEL (IRAY, N) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void legsel (const int *iray, int n); |

IRAY | is an is an integer array that contains legend lines between 1 and NLIN, where NLIN is the parameter in LEGINI. |

N | is the number of elements in IRAY. If N = -1, all
legend lines are plotted. Default: N = -1 |

LINFIT plots a straight line that has the best fit to a series of data points.

The call is: | CALL LINFIT (XRAY, YRAY, N, A, B, R, COPT) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void linfit (const float *xray, const float *yray, int n, float *a, float *b, float *r, const char *copt); |

XRAY, YRAY | are arrays that contain X- and Y-coordinates. |

N | is the number of data points. |

A, B | are the returned values of the calculated line Y = A * X + B. |

R | is the returned correlation coefficient of the fit between -1.0 and 1.0. A value around zero means no correlation, a value near -1.0 or 1.0 means good correlation. |

COPT | is a character string that can have the values 'NONE', 'ALL' and 'LINE'. 'NONE' means that just the values A, B and R are calculated. Nothing is plotted. For that case LINFIT can also be called in the levels 0 and 1. 'LINE' means that the straight line is plotted and 'ALL' that the straight line and the data points are plotted. |

SHDCRV plots a shaded area between two curves.

The call is: | CALL SHDCRV (X1RAY, Y1RAY, N1, X2RAY, Y2RAY, N2) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void shdcrv (const float *x1ray, const float *y1ray, int n1, const float *x2ray, const float *y2ray, int n2); |

X1RAY, Y1RAY | are arrays with the X- and Y-coordinates of the first curve. Values are not changed by SHDCRV. |

N1 | is the number of points in the first curve. |

X2RAY, Y2RAY | are arrays with the X- and Y-coordinates of the second curve. Values are not changed by SHDCRV. |

N2 | is the number of points in the second curve. |

Additional notes:

- The maximum number of data points cannot be greater than 25000 in Fortran 77 programs. There is no restriction for Fortran 90 and C.
- Different shading patterns can be selected with SHDPAT. The pattern number will automatically be incremented by 1 after a call to SHDCRV.
- Legends may be plotted for shaded curves.
- The routine NOARLN will suppress border lines around shaded areas.

The routine ERRBAR plots error bars.

The call is: | CALL ERRBAR (XRAY, YRAY, E1RAY, E2RAY, N) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void errbar (const float *xray, const float *yray, const float *e1ray, const float *e2ray, int n); |

XRAY, YRAY | are arrays that contain the X- and Y-coordinates. |

E1RAY, E2RAY | are arrays that contain the errors. Lines will be drawn from YRAY - E1RAY to YRAY + E2RAY. |

N | is the number of data points. |

Additional notes:

- Horizontal bars will be drawn after CALL BARTYP ('HORI').
- A symbol can be selected with MARKER and the symbol size with HSYMBL.

The routine FIELD plots a vector field where the start and end points of the vectors are already calculated. The vectors are displayed as arrows.

The call is: | CALL FIELD (X1RAY, Y1RAY, X2RAY, Y2RAY, N, IVEC) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void field (const float *x1ray, const float *y1ray, const float *x2ray, const float *y2ray, int n, int ivec); |

X1RAY, Y1RAY | are arrays that contain the X- and Y-coordinates of the start points. |

X2RAY, Y2RAY | are arrays that contain the X- and Y-coordinates of the end points. |

N | is the number of vectors. |

IVEC | is an integer that specifies the form of the arrows (see VECTOR). |

The routine VECFLD plots a vector field of given vectors and positions. The vectors are displayed as arrows.

The call is: | CALL VECFLD (XVRAY, YVRAY, XPRAY, YPRAY, N, IVEC) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void vecfld (const float *xvray, const float *yvray, const float *xpray, const float *ypray, int n, int ivec); |

XVRAY, YVRAY | are arrays that contain the X- and Y-coordinates of the vectors. |

X2RAY, Y2RAY | are arrays that contain the X- and Y-coordinates of the start points. |

N | is the number of vectors. |

IVEC | is an integer that specifies the form of the arrows (see VECTOR). |

Additional notes:

- The length of the arrows is automatically scaled by DISLIN in the routine VECFLD. This behaviour can be changed with the routine VECOPT, that may also modify the appearance of arrows.
- The vectors can be scaled with different colours if the routine VECCLR is called before with the parameter -2. If VECFLD and FIELD are called after GRAF, the minimum and maximum of the vector lengths are used for colour scaling. If VECFLD and FIELD are called after GRAF3, the Z-scaling in GRAF3 is used for calculating colours.

The routine VECMAT plots a vector field on a regular grid.

The call is: | CALL VECMAT (XVMAT, YVMAT, NX, NY, XPRAY, YPRAY, IVEC) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void vecmat (const float *xvmat, const float *yvmat, int nx, int ny, const float *xpray, const float *ypray, int ivec); |

XVMAT, YVMAT | are arrays of the dimension (NX, NY) that contain the X- and Y-coordinates of the vectors. |

NX, NY | define the dimension of XVMAT and YVMAT. |

XPRAY, YPRAY | are arrays of the dimensions NX und NY that define the grid in the X/Y plane. |

IVEC | is an integer that specifies the form of the arrows (see VECTOR). |

Additional note:

- See the notes for VECFLD.

The routine STREAM plots streamlines of a vector field on a regular grid.

The call is: | CALL STREAM (XVMAT, YVMAT, NX, NY, XPRAY, YPRAY, XSRAY, YSRAY, N) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void stream (const float *xvmat, const float *yvmat, int nx, int ny, const float *xpray, const float *ypray, const float *xsray, const float *ysray, int n); |

XVMAT, YVMAT | are arrays of the dimension (NX, NY) that contain the X- and Y-coordinates of the vectors. |

NX, NY | define the dimension of XVMAT and YVMAT. |

XPRAY, YPRAY | are arrays of the dimensions NX und NY that define the grid in the X/Y plane. |

XSRAY, YSRAY | are arrays of the dimension N that contain starting points of the streamlines. If no starting points are given, evenly-spaced streamlines are automatically plotted by DISLIN. The evenly-spaced streamlines algorithm is based on an idea by Bruno Jobard and Wilfrid Lefer [JOBA97]. |

N | is the number of starting points (N >= 0). |

Additional notes:

- The integration method in STREAM can be changed with the routine STMMOD. By default, a Runge-Kutta 2nd order method is used.
- The behaviour of streamlines can be modified with the routines STMOPT and STMVAL.

The routine STMPTS returns a calculated streamline of a vector field on a regular grid.

The call is: | CALL STMPTS (XVMAT, YVMAT, NX, NY, XPRAY, YPRAY, X0, Y0, XRAY, YRAY, NMAX, N) | level 1, 2, 3 | |

or: | void stmpts (const float *xvmat, const float *yvmat, int nx, int ny, const float *xpray, const float *ypray, float x0, float y0, float *xray, float *yray, int n); |

XVMAT, YVMAT | are arrays of the dimension (NX, NY) that contain the X- and Y-coordinates of the vectors. |

NX, NY | define the dimension of XVMAT and YVMAT. |

XPRAY, YPRAY | are arrays of the dimensions NX and NY that define the grid in the X/Y plane. |

X0, Y0 | define the starting point of the streamline. |

XRAY, YRAY | are arrays of the dimension NMAX that will contain the calculated streamline. |

NMAX | is the dimension of XRAY and YRAY. |

N | is the returned number of points in XRAY and YRAY. |

Additional note:

- See the notes for STREAM.

The routine STMTRI plots streamlines of a vector field on a triangular grid.

The call is: | CALL STMTRI (XVRAY, YVRAY, XPRAY, YPRAY, N, I1RAY, I2RAY, I3RAY, NTRI, XSRAY, YSRAY, NRAY) | level 2, 3 |

or: | void stmtri (const float *xvray, const float *yvray, const float *xpray, const float *ypray, int n, const int *i1ray, const int *i2ray, const int *i3ray, in ntri, const float *xsray, const float *ysray, int nray); |

XVRAY, YVRAY | are arrays of the dimension N that contain the X- and Y-coordinates of the vectors. |

XPRAY, YPRAY | are arrays of the dimension N that contain the positions of the vectors. |

N | is the number of vectors. |

I1RAY, I2RAY, I3RAY | is a triangulation of the points in XPRAY and YPRAY. |

NTRI | is the number of triangles in I1RAY, I2RAY and I3RAY. |

XSRAY, YSRAY | are arrays of the dimension NRAY that contain starting points of the streamlines. If no starting points are given, evenly-spaced streamlines are automatically plotted by DISLIN. |

NRAY | is the number of starting points (NRAY >= 0). |

The routine LICPTS calculates a Line Integral Convolution (LIC) image of a vector field.

The call is: | CALL LICPTS (XVMAT, YVMAT, NX, NY, ITMAT, IWMAT, WMAT) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void licpts (const float *xvmat, const float *yvmat, int nx, int ny, const int *itmat, int *iwmat, float *wmat); |

XVMAT, YVMAT | are arrays of the dimension (NX, NY) that contain the X- and Y-coordinates of the vectors. |

NX, NY | define the dimension of XVMAT, YVMAT, ITMAT, IWMAT and WMAT. |

ITMAT | is a texture array of the dimension (NX, NY) that is used for the LIC algorithm. A random texture can be calculated with the routine TXTURE. |

IWMAT | is a working array of the dimension (NX, NY). After the call to LICPTS, IWMAT contains the number of hits for image pixels covered by streamlines. |

WMAT | is an output array of the dimension (NX, NY) that contains the calculated LIC image. WMAT contains floating point numbers between 0 and 255. |

Additional notes:

- LICPTS uses by default a fast LIC algorithm based on an idea by Detlev Stalling and Hans-Christian Hege [STAL95]. Some parameters of the fast LIC algorithm can be modified with the routines LICMOD, STMOPT and STMVAL.
- The calculated LIC image can be plotted for example with the routine CRVMAT.

The routine TXTURE generates a random texture array that can be passed to the routine LICPTS.

The call is: | CALL TXTURE (ITMAT, NX, NY) | level 1, 2, 3 |

or: | void txture (int *itmat, int nx, int ny); |

ITMAT | is a returned texture array of the dimension (NX, NY). ITMAT contains random numbers in the range 0 to 255. |

NX, NY | define the dimension of ITMAT. |

Additional note:

- DISLIN uses the MINSTD random number generator of S.K. Park and K.W. Miller for calculating random numbers [PARK88]. The returned array is identical for all DISLIN libraries.

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